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HO 11 Motor bakery machines – prohibits the operation of motorized bakery machines such as vertical dough and dough mixers; rolls of dough, rounders, partitions and winders; and biscuit or cracker machines. Allows 16- and 17-year-olds to use some small, lightweight, portable counter mixers and pizza dough rolls under certain conditions. Students under the age of 16 who work on a farm that is not their family business are allowed to use the farm machinery included in the list of hazardous occupations if they have successfully completed a course on the safe operation of agricultural equipment. Information about this programme and the certification required can be found in the Circular on Basic Education. in agriculture (at least 12 years of age and with the consent of parents/guardians); i Maine. Minors under the age of 18 enrolled in the school may work up to 50 hours per week whether the school lasts less than 3 days or in the first or last week of the school calendar, regardless of the number of school days for the week of the session. Students enrolled in an approved co-operative education program may work up to 6 hours per day before a school day, provided the hours are part of the program. Include all hours worked in such a program when determining hours worked for a maximum of 4 hours. The RSA sets a minimum age of 18 for non-agricultural occupations that the Minister of Labour considers to be particularly dangerous for minors aged 16 and 17 or harmful to their health or well-being. In addition, the Child Labour Ordinance No. 3 also of 14- and 15-year-olds to perform work prohibited by the TOs.

There are currently 17 HO that include a partial or total ban on the professions or industries they cover. * During the school year, federal law limits hours worked to no later than 7 p.m., no more than three hours per day and no more than 18 hours per week. 8 consecutive hours of unemployment time and no school are required every 24-hour day. Students who wish to be exempted from school attendance in order to work on a farm or work as domestic workers in a home other than their own must contact their school district and apply for an agricultural and domestic permit. An adult must supervise minors who work in service occupations such as restaurants and retail stores after 8 p.m. Q: How many hours of work does it take for a 16-year-old to drop out of school? A: Section 1330 of the Pennsylvania Public School Code states that a 16-year-old student “who is lawfully involved in useful and lawful employment or service during public school sessions and who holds a certificate of employment issued under the law” is exempt from attendance. There is no specific number of hours specified in Article 1330. Therefore, each school district should have a policy that determines the number of hours of employment required for a student to retire at the age of sixteen (16). Newspaper delivery drivers cannot work between 7 p.m. (or 30 minutes before sunset, whichever is later) and 5 a.m. State and federal laws limit the working hours of minors.

The highest standard applies. The following information combines both state and federal law. * Exception: For school-approved experiential career or construction jobs, students may be allowed to work up to 23 hours per week during the school day. If a minor works in two or more places on the same day or week, the total working time must not exceed the daily or weekly maximum. Exceptions may be granted to young people aged 16/17 if the individual circumstances are in the best interests of the minor. Q: Are there any special rules for minors serving in voluntary rescue organizations? A: Yes, the new Child Labour Act contains specific rules for the participation of minors between the ages of 14 and 17 in voluntary rescue service organizations. Specific information on how this applies to minors between the ages of 14 and 17 is available in article 7 of the Child Labour Act on the website of the Ministry of Labour and Industry. The Child Labour Ordinance No. 3, 29 C.F.R. § 570.35, limits the hours and hours of the day at which 14- and 15-year-olds may work: Q: Can a suspended or excluded student work during school hours? A: Students who are suspended are considered enrolled in the school, and therefore all the rules that apply to other students apply to them as well. The law prohibits minors from working before or after certain hours, depending on their age and work.

Maximum working hours – whether the school is active or not: these young people are allowed to work only during extracurricular weeks and harvest berries, onions, cucumbers and spinach by hand. HO 2 Driving a motor vehicle or working as an external helper on motor vehicles – prohibits driving motor vehicles on public roads and the work of external helpers on motor vehicles, except that 17-year-olds are allowed to drive cars or small lorries in daylight for limited time and in strictly limited circumstances (see Fact Sheet No 34 of this series for information on driving in the workplace). Q: Can a minor be required to work more than six consecutive days? A: No. Pennsylvania`s Child Labor Act states, “With the exception of newspaper delivery, a minor may not be employed for more than six consecutive days.” Q: Who is considered a minor? A: A minor, as defined in the Pennsylvania Child Labor Act, is a person under the age of 18. Federal legislation limits the work of 14- and 15-year-olds in companies engaged in interstate commerce to: Regulation, 29 C.F.R. § 570.34 (l) authorizes the employment of 15-year-olds as lifeguards in traditional pools and water amusement parks, if such youth have been trained and certified by the American Red Cross or a similar certification body, in aquaristics and water safety. Federal child labor regulations require a 15-year-old to obtain additional certification if they are to be employed as a swimming instructor. The RSA and the Youth Employment Regulation adopted in Part 570 of the 29 CFR set out both hours of work and professional standards for young people. Children of all ages are generally allowed to work for businesses that are wholly owned by their parents, except that children under the age of 16 cannot be employed in mining or manufacturing, and no person under the age of 18 may be employed in a profession that the Minister of Labour has declared dangerous.

Federal youth employment regulations limit the hours of day, the number of hours, and the industries and occupations in which 14- and 15-year-olds can be employed. Q: Does a parent or guardian of a minor under the age of 16 have to provide documentation to an employer? A: Yes, for persons under the age of 16, a written statement from the minor`s parents or guardians, acknowledging the understanding of duties and periods of employment and granting permission to do so in accordance with the provisions of 18 Pa.C.S. § 4904 (concerning falsification not sworn to the authorities). The form, entitled Parental Recognition of Minors` Duties and Hours of Employment, is available on the Ministry of Labour and Industry website at LLC-75, Parental Recognition of Minors` Duties and Hours of Employment. During school time, minors aged 14 and 15 are limited to the following hours in most occupations: A list of adolescent working hours in agricultural occupations during the weeks the school is in session is available on the L&I`s Teen Worker website. For more information, contact the L&I Teen Safety Program (, 1-800-219-7321. 12- and 13-year-olds who have a permit to work on the farm picking berries, fruits or vegetables may not function: if the school is in session, a student`s priority should be school, whether they are in a classroom, studying online or being taught at home. This is something important that companies need to support by working with parents and schools and actively managing youth working hours. HO 5 Motorized woodworking machines – prohibit the operation of most motorized woodworking machines, including chainsaws, nail machines and grinding machines.